Selasa, 06 Desember 2016

Breastfeeding Facts For Fathers

For as long as there have been babies, there have been fathers. Most expectant fathers know that breastfeeding is the best way to feed a baby. I Breast milk contains the perfect blend of nutrients and provides babies with a wide range of health benefits. Plus, breastfeeding is free, requires no preparation and is a great way for a mother to bond with her baby.

If fatherhood doesn’t mean feeding, what does it mean? 

1.    They have fuzzy chests, deep voices, big hands, flat shoulders – differences that babies come to appreciate.

2.    Wear your baby in a sling and go for a walk.  Babies are social people and usually love to be “moving and grooving” at eye level in public. Tuck your baby in bed with both of you for cozy, easy nights and a strong sense of family.

3.    You can hold him this way upright and facing out. Almost all babies relax in this “magic hold”, especially if you move around.  Or sway with your baby. Babies tend to prefer ear-to-ear motion over front-to-back motion, whether on a shoulder or in a car seat, especially with a little jiggle thrown in.

4.    Care for mama so that she can care for your child. Your two separate jobs will link to form a strong, secure safety net for the world’s best baby.

5.    Be patient if your partner seems less interested in sex.

Minggu, 04 Desember 2016

Food for the Newborn Child

Benefits of breast milk:
1.    Breast milk contains all the necessary ingredients that the child needs in the first 4-6 months of life.
2.    Breast milk contains the suitable proteins and fats to satisfy the natural needs of the child.
3.    The iron in breast milk is enough for the child.
4.    Breast milk contains enough water for the child, even if one lives in a dry climate.
5.    Breast milk contains enough salt, calcium and phosphate for the child.
6.    Diabetes and some digestive problems are found less in breast fed children.
7.    Breast milk is easy and quick to digest, therefore, breastfed children tend to get hungry faster than children fed on other types of milk.
8.    Breast milk never spoils or becomes sour, even if the child hasn’t fed for a few days.
9.    Regular feeding and feeding when the child desires it, prevents conception.
10. Breast milk doesn’t require any expenses.
11. Breastfed children develop sight and talking and walking skills faster.
12. Breast milk of the mother changes according to the daily needs of the child. There are also differences between mothers depending on the needs of their children, e.g. the milk of a mother of a premature child and the milk of a mother of a full term child.

Recommended acts:
1.    Mustaĥab acts and closeness to Allāh have positive effects on the child.
2.    At the time of breastfeeding, look at the child and talk to him.
3.    Thank and praise Allāh after breastfeeding.

Sabtu, 03 Desember 2016

Breastfeeding Newborn

There are two theories when it comes to nursing newborns: on demand feedings and scheduled feedings.

1.      On Demand Feeding: you should always adjust if your baby shows signs of being hungry. Feed baby thoroughly, at least 20 minutes per side. 90 minutes after the feeding began, put baby down for a nap. Feed baby no later than 3 hours after the start of the previous feeding. Wake baby up if necessary. If your baby wakes up hungry before then, feed her and adjust your schedule.

2.      Baby’s Feeding and Sleeping Schedule:
*      7 a.m – 1st Feeding.
*      8:30 a.m. – Nap.
*      10 a.m. – 2nd Feeding.
*      1 p.m. – 3rd Feeding.
*      4 p.m. – 4th Feeding.
*      7 p.m. – 5th Feeding.
*      10 p.m. – 6th Feeding.
*      1 a.m. – 7th Feeding.
*      4 a.m. – 8th Feeding.

Sample Pumping Schedules
Figuring out a pumping schedule when you are exclusive pumping is a balance between your need to pump enough milk and the rest of your life.

1.      Sample Pumping Schedules with a Newborn.
a.       Below is a sample pumping schedule with eight pumps in 24 hours: 7 am, 10 am, 12 pm, 3 pm, 6 pm, 9 pm, 12 am, 4 am.
b.      Below is a sample pumping schedule with ten pumps in 24 hours: 7 am, 9 am, 11 am, 1 pm, 3 pm, 5 pm, 7 pm, 12 am, 3 am, 5 am.

2.      Sample Pumping Schedules with an Older Baby. Below are some sample pumping schedules for older babies.
a.       Six pumps in 24 hours: 6 am, 10 am, 12 pm, 3 pm, 6 pm, 10 pm.
b.      Five pumps in 24 hours: 6 am, 9 am, 12 pm, 3 pm, 10 pm.
c.       Four pumps in 24 hours: 6 am, 10 am, 2 pm, 10 pm.
d.      Three pumps in 24 hours: 6 am, 12 pm, 10 pm.
e.       Two pumps in 24 hours: 6 am, 7 pm.

When you have a newborn, sticking to a defined pumping schedule can be a challenge – you are likely sleep deprived and busy, so it’s easy to forget to pump. Skipping a pumping session every now and then is not a big deal, especially if you are able to make up the time during a later pumping session that day or squeeze in a power pumping session.

As long as you get your total number of pumping sessions done in a given day, you should be fine.

Kamis, 01 Desember 2016

Breastfeeding and Abnormalities of the Breast

There are many possible breast problems that breastfeeding mothers may face. Most breast issues are common and are not a cause for concern.

Slightly uneven breasts are normal when you're breastfeeding.

1.      One breast may be dramatically larger than the other, and you may be making much more breast milk on that side. When one breast doesn't make very much breast milk, but the other one does, the breasts will look uneven. But, as long as your doctor says it's safe, and one breast can make breast milk, you can breastfeed your baby from that one side. It's also very possible to make a healthy supply of breast milk with just one breast.

2.      One breast is bigger than the other because your baby has begun to favor one side. Your baby can develop a breast preference for many reasons. When a baby prefers one side over the other, breast milk production can slow down in the breast that the baby doesn't want and cause that breast to appear smaller.  

If you have hypoplastic breasts, you were born with them. It's a breast issue where the glandular tissue in the breast does not fully develop.

Your breastfeeding breasts may feel lumpy, especially when they're really full. There are three general categories that breast lumps fall into:
1.      Benign breast disease: benign means not harmful. If you have a benign breast lump, you may feel swelling and tenderness, breast pain in your breast.
2.      Fibroadenoma: a tumor in the breast tissue that is not cancer.
3.      Breast Cancer: Only a small percent of breast lumps found in breastfeeding women turn out to be cancer.

Some of the breast problems that can arise during breastfeeding include: 
1.      Plugged Milk Ducts: hard, tender, lumps that form in the milk ducts and block the flow of breast milk. Plugs typically clear up in less than a day with frequent breastfeeding or pumping to the remove breast milk from your breasts. 
2.      Mastitis: inflammation of the breast tissue.
3.      Breast Engorgement: one of the most common breastfeeding problems. It's caused by an increase of fluids in the breasts including breast milk, blood, and lymph.
4.      Breast Abscess: a rare complication of a breast infection.
5.      Nipple blanching: can be very painful.

If you see any of these breast changes, see your doctor for an examination. Early detection of breast problems can lead to successful treatment. 
1.      A Dimple In the Breast: a wide, shallow dimple in the breast is a sign of skin retraction.
2.      Fixation: bend forward and examine your breasts for any unevenness, distortion. With invasive breast cancer, fibrosis "fixes" the breast to the underlying muscles.
3.      A Change In the Direction of the Nipple: if the nipple looks as if it's being pulled in a different direction, it could be a sign of breast cancer.
4.      Prominent Venous Pattern: it's normal for breastfeeding women to have very visible veins on their breasts, especially when the breasts are overfull. However, if the veins are only protruding on one side, it can indicate certain types of breast tumors.

When you're breastfeeding there's normal nipple discharge:
1.      Breast Milk: may be watery and it can be a variety of colors from clear to white to green.
2.      Blood: The idea of blood coming out of your nipples probably sounds frightening. But, when you're breastfeeding bloody discharge from the nipples can be completely normal.

Abnormal nipple discharge can look similar to normal nipple discharge. So, if you notice any changes, it's always best to talk to your doctor, what you've noticed and she'll examine your breasts.

The skin on your breasts is susceptible to a variety of problems including: 
1.      Thrush can appear deep in the breast.
2.      Herpes: The herpes virus on the breast can show up as small red bumps, fluid-filled blisters. You should not breast-feed if you have active herpes lesions on your breasts.

You can recognize any potential breast problems by learning about what's normal for your body and examining your breasts regularly. 

Rabu, 30 November 2016

Blocked Ducts

Ducts carry the milk from deep in the breast to the nipple openings. A plugged milk duct is a common problem during breastfeeding. Milk builds up behind the blockage, a lump forms and your breast begins to feel sore. Not cause for panic but definitely cause for action.

How can I prevent blocked ducts? Feed your baby often.

How can I relieve a blocked duct?
1.      Empty the breast. 
2.      Apply warmth to the affected breast area before a feed can help get milk flowing.
3.      Feed from the affected breast first, when baby is sucking vigorously.
4.      Change feeding positions to help empty the breast.
5.      Hand express if needed, before and after feeds.
6.      Applying gentle pressure to the plugged duct both before and during a feeding can help loosen the clog.

Remember, the best treatment for a plugged duct is to get the milk flowing again.

Selasa, 15 November 2016

Cancer or Infection?

Breast infections include:

1.    Lactational mastitis.  When a woman is breast feeding, bacteria can get into her milk ducts.  Mastitis symptoms include fever, pain, a lump, and a swollen, tender breast that may feel warm to the touch. 
2.    Non-lactational mastitis.  The symptoms for non-lactational mastitis are the same as for lactational, but this form of mastitis is much less common. 

3.    Subareolar Abscess.  According to Dr. Susan Love’s Breast Book, an abscess can form behind the nipple and need draining.  Symptoms are similar to mastitis, but the red, swollen area will be in the areola area, not spread across the breast. 

If you have any of the above symptoms, you need to see your doctor for two reasons:  you will probably need an antibiotic, and you need to have inflammatory breast cancer ruled out.

Inflammatory breast cancer  represents about 1 %-5 % of all breast cancer cases, so the chances are that your symptoms that look like an infection are an infection.  IBC symptoms overlap with mastitis symptoms although the red area with IBC is likely to cover a larger area, usually at least a third of the breast.  In addition, fever is not an IBC symptom. 

Why might your doctor still be giving you an antibiotic instead of a biopsy? 
1.    Not all people run a fever when they have an infection, so the absence of fever is not a sure indication of cancer.
2.    Even though non-lactational mastitis is rare, so is IBC. 

If the antibiotic clears up the symptoms, the problem is an infection.  Antibiotics do not cure cancer.

If the antibiotic does not work, then what?  Some doctors may want to try a second antibiotic at this point, but most experts on inflammatory breast cancer say waiting to see if another type of antibiotic will work is not a good idea.  Seeing a breast specialist familiar with IBC.  New treatments are helping more people survive this form of cancer.